Shri Dattathreya Ramachandra Kaprekar was born on January 17, 1905 in Dahanu which is near Mumbai, India. Recreational math became his hobby as a child he enjoyed spending time solving math puzzles and problems. In 1946 he discovered Kaprekar's Constant which was named after him. The Constant is 6174. Here's how it works:

1. You can take any four-digit number and re-arrange the digits in decreasing order. All digits MUST be different. We'll use 4521 - let's order the digits from highest to lowest which gives us 5421.

2. Now take the number and order the digits from lowest to highest and subtract from the number you ordered from high to low.(Repeat the process until you come to the Constant of 6174)

Original number: 4521

5421-1245 = 4176

7641-1467 = 6174

After going through the process twice, we reach 6174. Try another 4 digit number:

9472

9742-2479 = 7263

7632-2367 = 5265

6552-2556 = 3996

9963-3699 = 6264

6642-2466 = 4176

7641-1467 = 6174

What happens when you keep repeating the process?

What did you notice when you end up getting 2 digits that are the same through the process?

Can you find a number that requires the greatest amount of subtractions?

What happens if you try this on a 3 digit number?